Jonathan Fredman graduated from Princeton University and Columbia Law School. He is the author of “Covert Action, Loss of Life, and the Prohibition on Assassination,” Studies in Intelligence (1997); “Intelligence Agencies, Law Enforcement, and the Prosecution Team,” Yale Law and Policy Review, vol. 16, no. 2 (1998); and “Covert Action Policy and Procedure,” ABA National Security Law Report, vol. 31, nos. 3-4 (2009). He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.